I have mentioned co-morbids several times in the past, and I thought it was time to explain more about what co-morbids are and how they affect those with Tourette Syndrome. Co-morbids are other medical conditions (neurological, psychological, or behavioral) that can appear alongside a main condition, such as Tourette Syndrome. You might see a person with TS state that they have TS+, a term used to generalize the diagnosis of TS with co-morbids. Knowing more about co-morbids can help us to gain a better understanding of how much those with TS struggle to overcome just to function on a daily basis.
There are several types of co-morbids that can exist for those with TS. Below are a few examples. Please keep in mind that there could be more conditions not described here.
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Intrusive thoughts, ritualized behavior, OCD related anxiety
Anxiety Disorders: Generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, and other non-OCD related anxiety
Mood Disorders: Disorders such as bi-polar and depression
Attention Deficit Disorder: ADD or ADHD
Autism Spectrum Disorders: Asperger's and other forms of autism
Rage Attacks: These can also be known as 'meltdowns' or 'storms'
Sensory Disorders: Sensory Processing Disorder and Sensory Integration Disorder
P.A.N.D.A.S.: TS+ symptoms that can be related to infections such as strep
Sleep Disorders: For example, insomnia
Other Learning Disorders: Dyslexia, dysgraphia, discalculia, and more